Shantou locates in the east of Guangdong Province and in the south of the Hanjiang River Delta, and known as the “Communication Center of South China and Gateway of East Guangdong “.Shantou City has a total area of 2,064km2 with a population of 5,479,100. Shantou City has jurisdiction over Nan’ao County and six districts, namely, Jinping, Longhu, Chenghai, Chaoyang and Chaonan.
Shantou City locates on the southeast coast of Guangdong Province. The Topic of Cancer passes through the north of Shantou City. With a marine climate of south subtropical zone, Shantou is warm and humid with sufficient sunlight and rainfall as well as a long frost-free period.Spring in Shantou is humid with long rainy days. Early summer features rising temperature and changing weathers with occasional rainstorms. In the midsummer, the temperature is high but the heat is not unbearable. This time is also the typhoon season in Shantou. Autumn is cool and dry in Shantou, when the sky is clear and the air temperature drops significantly. Winter is free from severe coldness; however chill weather will keep up for brief periods. The raining season in Shantou extends from April to September. The average annual temperature is 21’C to 22’C with the lowest temperature above 0’C and the highest temperature ranging from 36’C to 40’C, which are usually recorded in mid July and early August. Occasional frosty weather is also recorded in winter in Shantou.
Chaoshan culture was originated from Chaoshan predecessors, formed in the Qin and Han Dynasties, developedin the Tang and Song Dynasties, prosperous in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and innovated in the modern age. It is a branch of traditional Chinese cultures, compatible with both Chinese and foreign cultures. Chaoshan culture has its own features such as Chaoshan dialect, Chaozhou opera, Chaozhou music, Chaozhou cuisine, Gongfutea, Chaoshan arts and crafts, and Chaoshan folk custom.